Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka
“Our vision is to create an economically prosperous Southern Region within an ecologically sustainable and culturally vibrant environment, while offering attractive and challenging opportunities for the youth and opening up the Region as a “Gateway” to the fast growing Asia Pacific Region”.
“Our mission is to contribute to the accelerated growth of the region’s Gross Domestic Production (GDP) and assisting in the achievement of a Per Capita Income to targeted levels, within an environment providing challenging opportunities and better quality of life, by scrutinised identification of felt needs and resources in the Region, planning and developing with the co-ordination of line Agencies and the Private Sector.
Designated area of the Southern Development Authority
Progress of Development Projects implemented in the Year 2010
Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka, as the “Precursor of the Southern Development” implemented different types of development projects based on rural areas under the national programme of “ Jathika Saviya – Gamaneguma.” The distinctive feature is that these projects were so implemented in relation to the concept of “Mahinda Chinthana” through strategic planning with the active participation of the general public.
In the year 2010, Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka could make a notable change in the economic system of the rural people with the implementation of identified development programs under three major components namely; development of economic infrastructure, economic and livelihood development and social and spiritual development. These projects were implemented in 150 selected villages in 2007, within the designated area of the Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka i.e. four districts of Galle, Matara, Hambantota, and Moneragala and Divisional Secretary’s divisions of Kolonna and Embilipitiya in Ratnapura district.
Above villages selected by the Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka includes 43 in Galle district, 45 villages in Matara district, 37 in Hambantota district and 25 in Moneragala district.
In 2010, Treasury allocated a sum of rupees 280 million under the national programme of “Jathika Saviya – Gama Neguma” in order to reach development targets of above selected villages. This allocation of rupees 280 million was approved in two occasions as, rupees 110 million up to the month of July and rupees 170 million in August. It was a great challenge for us to implement the relevant projects using the said sum of rupees 170 million which was received at the end of the year. We were expected to start the relevant projects in the designated area of the Authority and finalize them within the short period available of the year itself. In a situation of this type, we were victorious enough to gain a financial progress of 71.8% and physical progress of 80.5 % at the end of the year by spending rupees 201.1 million out of 280 million allocated.
In the 2010, 664 projects were implemented in selected villages. These 664 projects could be categorized as 45 projects implemented under livelihood development programmes, 80 implemented under social and spiritual development programmes and 539 under infrastructure facilities development programmes. In the implementation of all these projects, provisions allocated by the Treasury was best used and by the end of the year, 535 projects reached completion. These completed projects included 37 projects under livelihood programmes, 54 projects under social and spiritual development programmes and 444 projects implemented under infrastructure facilities development programmes. When we consider the physical progress of projects which were implemented within the year it could be noted as 80.5%. This rate shows higher performance when considered the period of time with in which financial provisions were released to our Authority in 2010.
Having implemented development projects in 150 selected villages in the designated area, the Authority was able to develop rural infrastructural facilities, up grade life pattern to a considerable extent, by providing required guidance & facilities to that effect and to create a conducive environment in the relevant villages enabling social development of the same. Major three component-wise development of such entire development process are as follows.
01. Livelihood Development Projects
One of the prior objectives of the ‘Mahinda Chinthana’ concept is to upgrade the livelihood of rural people. It further emphasises the need to refrain from welfare based concept by enhancing the economy of rural people. Accordingly, the Authority was able to enhance the income of rural people through the implementation of livelihood development projects which based on rural resources. The growth of the rural production achieved by such means contributed around rupees 150 millions to the Gross Domestic Production of the country. Development projects in the fields of rural industries, plantation, Agriculture development, Human Resources, Fishery industry and Land use were implemented for this purpose.
02. Socio-economic Effect of Social and Spiritual Development Programmes
Socially and spiritually strong population is a must to gain the active participation of people for the economic development of a country. Accordingly, 72 awareness programmes on attitude development, drugs prevention and curbing social abuse were conducted with the intention of improving spiritual status of rural people. As a result positive attitudes have been inculcated in the minds of people and mental health has grown. Also, it is helpful for economic development of families concerned. In addition, these programmes have resulted in creating a favorable social environment in rural areas.
With the aim of providing permanent residence, for houseless families, 157 houses have been constructed in remote villages through the housing development programme. As a result, these families have been able to gain the ownership of houses which was only a long felt dream of them which realized this time. With the fulfillment of the basic need of housing it could be expected to improve the life standard in social, education and health of such families.
Further, 65 programmes on water supply and sanitation have been implemented with the hope of upgrading sanitary facilities of people. Under this, construction of water sealed toilets and supply of drinking water facilities have been implemented.
03. Infrastructure Facilities Development Projects
Under this project, measures have been taken to promote infrastructure facilities, identifying regional needs and resources, getting the participation of private sector and line institutions, identifying rural infrastructure development projects and implementing them with a priority basis. Development projects such as rural road development, construction and reconstruction of culverts, small bridges, canals and dams were implemented within the area of Southern Region in 2010.
04. Jathika Saviya – Gama Neguma Special Projects
In addition to Rs. 280 millions provided by the Treasury for 2010, Rs. `74 millions were allocated to the Authority through the District Secretary of Hambantota in the month of October, for the irrigation development of Hambantota district, under the Gama Neguma special project. This allocation is a result of a request made by the Authority based on the need of implementing these projects from Hon. Basil Rajapakse – Minister of Economic Development. Number of projects implemented under this programme is 18 and beneficiaries are 1298. It is victorious for us to obtain a financial progress of 69% within a short period of two months time spending Rs.50.9 million by the end of the year,. On the other hand, we could gain a physical progress of 90% with the implementation of 18 projects in a very short period of time giving solutions for many issues faced by the people in the district.
Special projects of this type were implemented in villages like Udikiriwila of Weeraketiya, Mahaheella West of Beliatte, Mamadala North and Walawwatte West of Ambalantota, Galwewa and Mahapitapelessa of Hambantota and Ranawaranawa of Lunugamwehera. Rural economy was benefited by these projects in the manner described below.
- 01. Implementation of Five Year Corporate Plan
In addition to Gama Neguma programme, Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka dedicated it felt in implementing medium scale projects which had been initiated in past years by paying attention towards proposals included in its corporate plan. A few major projects of them are mentioned below.
- I. Re-opening of Handugala Tea Factory of Walasmulla
The Authority took all necessary measures to acquire the land in which this factory is established, develop road system around the factory, and supply other infrastructure facilities such as electricity. Maintenance and functioning of the factory was assigned to a private investor named “Yolta”.
With the start of this tea factory, livelihood of about 1065 small scale farmers who used to supply tender tea leaves was secured. This factory processes 5000 Kg. of tender leaves and has created about 50 direct job opportunities. This number is expected to increase in the years to the come and it is expected to make a contribution of Rs. 40 millions to the Gross Domestic Production.
- II. Ratalankawatte Dragon fruit cultivation project of Kamburupitiya
With the aim of enhancing the productivity of lands, necessary steps were taken to develop above unutilized land under a private entrepreneur. At the moment, successful dragon fruit cultivation is maintained in this land with the extent of 2 acres. It has created 4 direct and 25 indirect job opportunities. This cultivation is totally dependant on carbonic fertilizer and production of this fruit is made targeting the foreign market. First harvest is to reap in the month of May 2011.
- III. Entrepreneur Center of Embilipitiya
With the intention of motivating private investments, six abandoned buildings were reconstructed and four successful projects have been implemented in this centre. It has given the opportunity to make livelihood for four entrepreneurs.
- Bakery production project
- Steel furniture and office equipment production project
- Printed media advertising project
- Computer related printing activities
This has created about 120 job opportunities. As a result of economic activities of above four entrepreneurs, around a value of Rs. 20 millions will be added to the Gross Domestic Production.
- IV. Abandoned Thamaduwa School Building
This building has been unutilized for years. Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka identified an entrepreneur involved in coir industry and this building has been given to him on the basis of annual rent.
- V. Warming to New Three Storied Building constructed for Head Office of Southern Development Authority
Construction of new, three storied building for the Head Office of Southern Development Authority of Sri Lanka initiated in 2008. Cost of this construction is around Rs. 104 millions. For the past period of 13 years the Authority has had no its own office complex and this construction fulfilled such long-felt need within this year. This has resulted in saving a huge sum of money which had to be paid as rentals for locating the Head Office and Matara District Office in private buildings. On the other hand, functioning of both offices under one roof has eased people to obtain an efficient and effective service from this office complex itself.
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